Design of Automatic Dry Waste Segregation System

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SourabhKulkarni, KartikeyDesarda, Sayali Kale, AtharvaGosavi, Prof. G. B. Firame


Currently, about 2.01 billion metric tons of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) are produced annually worldwide. The World Bank estimates overall waste generation will increase to 3.40 billion metric tons by 2050. With such huge amounts of waste being produced, management and disposal of waste become a herculean task. Moreover, the waste produced has many materials which may be reused profitably. A solid waste management system not only solves the problem of efficient disposal but also helps in recycling & reusing important resources. This also helps in reducing the impact of modern society & its needs on the environment.


India alone produces a staggering 62 million tonnes of waste of which 43 million tonnes is collected and merely 11.9 million tonnes is treated (less than 20%)! The rest of the waste ends up in landfills which not only pollute the environment but also increase the need for importing many raw materials for Indian industries from other countries. The current waste management practice in India involves collecting waste from sources through a community collective bin system, after which it gets transported to a low-lying landfill system with intermediate processing of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). The open dumping practice is leading to various problems like pollution and health hazards. Both surface and groundwater are affected by this; in fact, groundwater is in a critical state. Current procedures are not ideal, hence, India is facing a solid waste management crisis.


The study and research conducted in this project will tackle the above-mentioned problems at the ground level while maintaining the highest level of possible effectiveness and mainly making the process automated and inexpensive. With the presence of a simple and inexpensive setup, we believe that such a system will be easy to integrate into the present waste management scenario at a considerably low cost and hence will try to tackle the solid waste management crisis faced by Indian and many other countries worldwide.

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