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The vibration and noise have demolished effect on the mechanical systems. These two are major undesirable parameter present in industrial application. Vibration damping is one of the reactive vibration control method, which is mostly used to control and lessen surplus vibrations in mechanical system. Particle damping is a technique to provide damping with the help of granular particles. It works in combination of impact and friction damping. The particles absorb kinetic energy through particle-to-particle and particle-to-wall frictional collisions. Due to inelastic impacts and surface contact between particles, the vibrational verve is frequently dispersed in any system. The dissipation of vibrational energy will occur due to impact, exchange of energy and friction in between particle and surrounding. The particles at various particle size, constant rotational speed and load are considered. Because of its extreme simplicity, high effectiveness and low cost, it has an enormous potential for vibration and noise suppression in a wide range of application.
This review paper presents a particle damping method applied for different applications to subdue the vibration. This technology has been widely used for different applications such as robots, weightless environments of outer space i.e., spacecraft, airplane, rocket launcher, surgical and dental application, to rarefy vibrations of civil structures and other lightly damped structures to damp the vibrations. The literature review divulges the importance of particle damping technique in vibration suppression.
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